We use state-of-the-art instruments such as digital cameras, computerized visual field testing, and Optical Coherence Tomography to provide diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases which affect the human eye and visual system. Some examples include:
Dry Eye Syndrome occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is interrupted, or the tear film is abnormal. In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a life long problem. You can relieve the symptoms, but not cure the original cause. Artificial tear lubricants and prescription drops are common treatments. In some cases, blocking the tear ducts will concentrate the limited tears that are available.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layers. Usually the far peripheral vision is affected first with a progression toward the central vision. In the early stages of Glaucoma there are no symptoms, so regular eye examinations are vital in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Treatment ranges from prescription eye drops to surgical procedures.
Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition that can occur when a diabetic person's blood sugar gets too high. High blood sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls. As such, the blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, causing the retina to swell and form deposits know as exudates. Vision can be lost if these areas are not monitored and treated. Yearly eye examinations with pupil dilation are the standard of care for all diabetics.
Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye. When light enters the eye it is scattered by the cloudy lens, causing images to appear hazy and blurred. There are many different types of cataracts. The one shown here is a cortical cataract. Here the opacity forms first in the periphery of the lens and progresses inward, like spokes of a wheel. Ultimately, the best treatment for cataracts is to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an acrylic implant lens. This is referred to as cataract surgery.
Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the macula deteriorates resulting in a loss of sharp central vision. There are two types, "dry" and "wet". In "dry" macular degeneration, there is a disturbance of the macular pigment and a deposition of yellow material called "drusen". In "wet" macular degeneration, abnormal new blood vessels grow under the retina and leak fluid and blood. Treatment can range from better nutritional management with diet and vitamin supplements to laser and injection treatments done by ophthalmologists.